Chicagoland/O'Hare Chapter 142

                             Air Force Association

  • 25 Aug 1943 - Twelfth Air Force sent 140 P-38s from the 1st Fighter Group and 82nd Fighter Group on the first mass, low-level long-range strafing raid in World War II, Flying from airfields in Sicily.

  • 25 Aug 1950 - Far East Air Force directed Fifth Air Force to fly constant armed surveillance over enemy airfields to prevent the build-up of enemy air strength before the Inchon invasion, scheduled for Sept. 15th.







  • 25 Aug 1952 - Thirteen C-54s airlifted 3,763 Muslin pilgrims stranded in Beirut, Lebanon, to Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Operation Hajji Baba helped to restore America's standing in the Middle East through Aug. 29th.

  • 25 Aug 1953 - The U.S. Air Force announced that the B-36 had become a "flying aircraft carrier." It could launch and recover F-84s Thunderjets in flight.

  • 25 Aug 1953 - A number of B-36 bombers landed in Japan after a pioneering nonstop mass flight from the U.S.

  • 25 Aug 1958 - Strategic Air Command's 556th Guided Missile Squadron launched a Snark on a 6,000-mile course.

  • 25 Aug 1961 - Beale AFB, Calif. received the first Hound Dog missile for B-52s.

  • 25 Aug 1965 - President Lyndon B. Johnson approved the development of a Manned Orbital Laboratory to determine "what (military) man is able to do in space" for the defense of America.

  • 25 Aug 1966 - The first class of German air force student pilots enters training at Sheppard AFB, Texas. The school will provide 212 pilots per year with training similar to that received by U.S. Air Force pilots.

  • 25 Aug 1969 - Military Airlift Command aircrews completed the first C-5 aerial refueling.

  • 25 Aug 1983 - Weapons separation testing for the B-1B began with the release of a dummy short-range attack missile.

  • 25 Aug 1987 - When Col. (Dr.) Thomas J. Tredici retired from the U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine at Brooke AFB, Texas, he became the last remaining B-17 pilot from World War II to leave active duty.

  • 25 Aug 1988 - A civil war in Somalia produced a large-scale requirement to medically treat people fleeing to Mogadishu. The Somali government asked for medical aid and hospital beds. To provide that relief, a C-141 carried a 200-bed bed emergency hospital weighing 22 tons to Mogadishu.

  • 25 Aug 1992 - Hurricane Andrew smashed Florida with sustained 140-mph winds. Through Oct. 28, 724 airlift missions moved 13,500 relief workers and 21,000 tons of supplies to the area. The hurricane destroyed Homestead AFB, Fla., forcing its temporary closure. The 482nd Fighter Wing returned from its post-Andrew exile to MacDill AFB, Fla. on March 5, 1994 to its new role as the predominant unit at the "new" Homestead ARB, Fla. while the former active-duty 31st Tactical Fighter Wing moved to Aviano AB, Italy.

  • 25 Aug 1993 - Violence continued against U.N. forces prompted the U.S. to send 400 Army Rangers to Somalia through Aug. 27. Air Mobility Command flew them and their equipment on one KC-10 and five C-5 missions.

  • 25 Aug 1994 - The U.S. and Ukraine conducted a joint trial flight lasting through Aug. 31st.

  • 25 Aug 1995 - A 2nd Bomb Wing B-52H crew from Barksdale AFB, La. set six speed records over a 10,000 kilometer close-circuit course, unrefueled and with a payload. Capts. Russell Mathers, Dan Manuel, Hank Jenkins, Ralph Delatour and Allen Patton, of the 96th Bomb Squadron, made the record flight, nicknamed "Long Rifle." The B-52 took-off from Edwards AFB, Calif., flew to Adak Naval Air Station, Alaska, and returned in a record time of 11 hours, 23 minutes, at an average speed of 556 mph. The crew later earned the 1995 Gen Curtis E. LeMay award.

  • 25 Aug 1995 - Eleven C-17 Globemaster IIIs from the 315th Airlift Wing and 437th Airlift Wing participated in their first exercise. The aircraft moved nearly 300 tons of cargo and personnel to Kuwait lasting through Aug. 29th.






  • 25 Aug 1999 - At Edwards AFB, Calif., the No. 2 F-22 successfully flew at 60 degrees angle-of-attack and demonstrated post-stall flight with thrust vectoring.


  • 26 Aug 1943 - The U.S. Army Air Forces used a new type of perspective maps with targets drawn as seen from the air to improve high altitude precision bombing abilities.

  • 26 Aug 1944 - Eighth Air Force sent 997 heavy bombers and 897 fighters against targets in France, Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany; 13 bombers and 13 fighters were lost, while 148 bombers and 15 fighters sustained damage.







  • 26 Aug 1950 - The 91st Strategic Reconnaissance Wing at Barksdale AFB, La., received the first RB-45c, four-engine jet reconnaissance aircraft.

  • 26 Aug 1950 - Fifth Air Force organized the 47th Troop-Carrier Squadron and 48th Troop-Carrier Squadron (Provisional) at Tachikawa with C-46s from the Far East to augment Far East Air Forces airlift resources for U.N. offensives in September. At Ashiya, Japan, FEAF organized the 1st Troop Carrier Task Force (Provisional) as the nucleus of the new Combat Cargo Command (Provisional) with Maj. Gen William H. Tunner, architect of the Berlin airlift as commander.

  • 26 Aug 1954 - After being launched by a B-29 Superfortress above Edwards AFB, Calif., Maj. Arthur "Kit" Murray flew the Bell X-1A to 90,443 feet and set a new FAI altitude record.

  • 26 Aug 1959 - The first F-104 Starfighter landed in Europe as part of George AFB, Calif.'s rotation program.

  • 26 Aug 1967 - After shooting down his F-100 Super Sabre, the North Vietnamese captured Maj. George E. Day. They took him to a prison camp for interrogation and torture. Despite crippling injuries, Major Day escaped and evaded the enemy for two weeks. He eventually crossed the demilitarized zone and came within two miles of a Marine Corps base before he was shot and captured again. He continued to resist his captors until released in 1973. For that action, he received the Medal of Honor.

  • 26 Aug 1974 - Two C-141s airlifted more than 34 tons of medical relief supplies into Burma through Aug. 17, after flooding devastated that country.

  • 26 Aug 1975 - The YC-15 medium short takeoff and landing transport completed its first flight from the McDonnell Douglas facility at Long Beach to Edwards AFB, Calif.

  • 26 Aug 1976 - Strategic Air Command launched its 500 missile, a Minuteman II, from Vandenberg, Calif.

  • 26 Aug 1976 - Two groups of women pilot candidates began flight screening at Hondo Municipal Airport, prior to entering undergraduate pilot training at Williams AFB, Ariz. on Sept. 29. The 77-08 class included Capts. Connie Engle, Mary Donahue, Kathy La Sauce and Susan Rogers; 1st Lts. Christine Schott; Sandra Scott and Victoria Crawford; and 2nd Lts. Mary Livingston, Carol Scherer and Kathleen Rambo. They graduated on Sept. 2, 1977.

  • 26 Aug 1980 - An F-15/E-3A team deployed for the first time to Australia to participate in Pacific Comfort air defense exercise. The exercise continued through Sept. 11th.

  • 26 Aug 1987 - The A-6F completed its first flight from the Grumman facility at Calverton, N.Y.

  • 27 Aug 1943 - Ten SB-24's "Snoopers," with special radar sighting devices to make accurate bombings possible, irrespective of visual sightings, began operations from Carney Field, Guadalcanal.

  • 27 Aug 1945 - B-29s completed their first supply drop operation to Allied prisoners of war in the Weihsien camp near Peiping, China. In all, 154 camps with 63,500 prisoners in Japan, China and Korea, received food, medical supplies and clothing.

  • 27 Aug 1950 - Two F-51 Mustang pilots accidentally strayed into China and strafed an airstrip near Antung, mistaking it for a North Korean airstrip at Sinuiju on the border with China. The Chinese used the incident for propaganda and diplomatic purposes. The 92nd Bomb Group sent 24 B-29s to Kyomipo to bomb the largest iron and steel plant in Korea. Far East Air Force experimented with delayed action bombs to discourage enemy repairs on bridges.

  • 27 Aug 1953 - The Snark subsonic intercontinental missile first flew.

  • 27 Aug 1956 - Douglas Airplane Company fired the Thor missile in a captive test at the Edwards AFB Rocket Engine Test Laboratory.

  • 27 Aug 1964 - Strategic Air Command conducted its last Atlas E test launch from Vandenberg AFB, Calif. The launch supported the Army's Nike-Zeus program.

  • 27 Aug 1968 - President Lyndon B. Johnson signed Executive Order 11424 to give flight pay and incentive pay for hazardous duty to military personnel flying spacecraft.






  • 27 Aug 1969 - Tactical Air Command received its first production-model A-7D attack aircraft.

  • 27 Aug 1969 - The U.S. Air Force delivered the first six F-4D Phantoms to the South Korean Air Force at Taegu AB, Korea, during the Peace Spectator Program.

  • 27 Aug 1970 - The Air Force canceled the AIM-82A Short Range Missile for the F-15.

  • 27 Aug 1986 - A C-130 Hercules from the 50th Tactical Airlift Squadron flew 250 tents to help 2,000 villagers in north western Cameroon after a carbon dioxide cloud bubbled out of Lake Nyos.

  • 27 Aug 1987 - The U.S. Air Force and NASA selected Pratt and Whitney and Rockwell International to design supersonic ramjet engines for the propped National Aerospace Plane.

  • 28 Aug 1942 - The War Department directed Air Training Command to provide aircraft and equipment to evacuate sick and wounded American servicemen and women throughout the world.

  • 28 Aug 1943 - The 482nd Bomb Group, equipped with Oboe, H2S and H2X blind bombing equipment, became the first radar-equipped Pathfinder unit in the U.S. Army Air Forces.


  • 28 Aug 1944 - Maj. Joseph Myers and 2nd Lt. Manford O. Croy Jr., from Eighth Air Force shared an aerial victory for a Me-262, the first jet to be downed in combat. Maj. Myers was leading eight P-47s flying top cover at 11,000 feet in the vicinity of Termonde, near Brussels, Belgium, when he saw an aircraft flying low and extremely fast. Maj. Myers and Lt. Croy then made a 45-degree dive and caught up with the twin-engine Me262. Before they could fire on the jet, the German pilot scuttled the aircraft in an open field. He fled on foot, but was killed by other P-47s as they strafed the wreck to destroy it. Both Maj. Myers and Lt. Croy received half credit for an aerial victory.

  • 28 Aug 1945 - An advance communications team flew in to Atsugi Airfield near Tokyo. Under the protection of Imperial Army units, this team set up the control tower and communication equipment necessary for occupation forces to land. On Aug. 30, Mission 75 began, and it ended 13 days later without a single fatal aircraft accident. The 1,336 C-54 flights brought the 11th Airborne Division, the 27th Infantry Division and advanced echelons of Gen. MacArthur's headquarters, Far East Air Forces, the Eighth Army and an initial ATC detachment into Atsugi Airport.

  • 28 Aug 1958 - An Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile from Cape Canaveral, Fla., flew 3,000 miles and landed in the target area in the first test of a radio-command guidance system.

  • 28 Aug 1970 - Strategic Air Command crews, using operational hardware and procedures, launched a Minuteman III on its first demonstration and shakedown operational test flight.

  • 28 Aug 1972 - Capt. Richard S. "Steve" Ritchie, with his backseater Capt. Charles D. DeBellevue, shot down his fifth MiG-21 near Hanoi. He became the first U.S. Air Force ace of the Vietnam War and first since the Korean War. For this feat, Capt. Ritchie shared the 1972 Mackay Trophy with Capts. Jeffrey S. Feinstein and Charles B. DeBellevue.

  • 28 Aug 1981 - Secretary of the Air Force Verne Orr selected McDonnell Douglas Corporation to develop the C-X aircraft.

  • 28 Aug 1984 - A C-5 Galaxy delivered the first shipment of support equipment for ground-launched cruise missiles at Florennes AB, Belgium.



  • 28 Aug 1988 - Shortages of hospital equipment and medical supplies on the island of San Torre off the west coast of Africa led the U.S. to send a C-141 with 29 tons of supply items.

  • 29 Aug 1952 - The SM-62 Snark completed its first test at the Air Force Missile Test Center, Cape Canaveral, Fla.

  • 29 Aug 1952 - Far East Air Force fighter-bombers set a new 24-hour record, routing 854 Fifth Air Force sorties against Pyongyang, Korea. This closely coordinated attack destroyed 56 buildings and damaged 33 others.

  • 29 Aug 1960 - The U.S. Air Force declared six Atlas missiles of the 564th Strategic Missile Squadron at Francis E. Warren AFB, Wyo. operational, which made it the first combat ready intercontinental missile squadron.

  • 29 Aug 1970 - The Army's Safeguard anti-ballistic missile system completed its first full-scale test, when a Spartan area defense interceptor missile launched from Kwajalein Atoll intercepted a Minute I reentry vehicle launched from Vandenberg AFB, Calif.








  • 29 Aug 1970 - The Douglas DC-10 tri-jet, ended its first flight at Edwards AFB, where it underwent FAA certification tests.

  • 29 Aug 1984 - The last OV-10 Broncos left Sembach AB, Germany, after a decade of operations in Europe for George AFB, Calif.

  • 29 Aug 1990 - An Air Force C-5, carrying supplies destined for the Gulf theater, crashes on take-off from Ramstein AB, Germany. Thirteen persons are killed and four injured.

  • 29 Aug 1998 - The Global Hawk unmanned aerial vehicle reached 61,000 feet on an eight-hour mission over Edwards AFB, Calif. and China Lake, Calif. The flight doubled the number of hours flown in its previous three tests and reached 10,000 feet higher.



  • 30 Aug 1945 - Special Mission 75 ferried 39,928 occupation troops and 8,202 tons of supplies from a staging area in Okinawa to Japan. The mission used 259 C-54s and 360 B-24 bombers as cargo planes and associated aircraft.

  • 30 Aug 1950 - An experimental B-29 flare mission lit the Han River near Seoul before dawn for a B-26 strike against an elusive enemy pontoon bridge. When it could not be found, the B-26s attacked the permanent bridge.





  • 30 Aug 1953 - Tactical Air Command's Eighteenth Air Force transferred its last C-122 aircraft into storage.


  • 30 Aug 1955 - The U.S. Air Force proved its worldwide ability to deploy fighters when a flight commander, who had breakfast near London took off with an F-84F Thunderstreak formation and reached Austin, Texas, in 10 hours, 48 minutes later in time for lunch with his family.

  • 30 Aug 1958 - Concurrently with the Lebanon Crisis, Chinese communists, with Soviet backing, threatened to invade Taiwan, Quemoy and Matsu. Tactical Air Command deployed its Composite Air Strike Force of B-57s, F-100s, F-101s, and C-130s to Taiwan, while Pacific Air Forces sent an F-86D squadron from Okinawa to provide night defense alert and the Air Defense Command deployed a squadron of F-104s during Operation Double Trouble or X-Ray. During the shelling of Quemoy and Matsu, Chinese MiG-17s began to fly over the nationalist-held island. Nationalist Chinese F-86 pilots from Taiwan proved to be more than a match for the communist pilots, shooting down 32 MiGs (with three probables and 10 damaged). MATS C-118s, C-121s, and C-124s airlifted the Composite Air Strike Force and ADC squadron, while later supporting the effort with 144 C-124 missions. The rapid deployment of the Composite Air Strike Force earned a Mackay Trophy.

  • 30 Aug 1960 - The first Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile squadron becomes fully operational.

  • 30 Aug 1960 - With six Atlas missiles ready to launch, the 564th Strategic Missile Squadron at F. E. Warren AFB, Wyo., becomes the first fully operational ICBM squadron.

  • 30 Aug 1974 - A C-5 flew Military Airlift Command's first long-range, air refueled mission over water for Operation Cold Juice, flying from Dover AFB, Del., to Clark AB, Philippines. The aircraft covered the 10,600 statute miles in 21 hours 30 minutes. KC-135s transferred 289,000 pounds of fuel. A total of eight Cold Juice demonstration flights were flown with the last flights in January 1975 leading to the development of cell air refueling procedures and techniques for strategic airlift.

  • 30 Aug 1974 - Detachment 13 of the 41st Air Rescue and Recover Wing saved 36 Koreans from the flood waters surrounding Kwang Ju, Korea.

  • 30 Aug 1979 - After Hurricane David hit Dominica, Martinique, Puerto Rico, Guadeloupe, and the Dominican Republic, killing 6,000 people and leaving 150,000 homeless, Military Airlift Command C-5s, C-141s, and C-130s moved 2,881 tons of supplies and 1,358 passengers on 251 missions to the area through Nov. 21. Jamaica also received 32 tons of cargo and 35 passengers for assistance.

  • 30 Aug 1982 - The F-5G (later renamed the F-20) Tigershark makes its first flight at Edwards AFB, Calif.

  • 30 Aug 1995 - NATO and U.S. aircraft began airstrikes on Serbian ground positions in Bosnia-Herzegovina to support the U.N. Operation Deliberate Force. The airstrikes, with a Bosnian-Croatian ground attack, convinced the Serbs to accept peace terms in late 1995.



  • 31 Aug 1950 - After a 10-day lull in ground fighting, North Korean forces launched a coordinated attack along the entire Pusan perimeter. Fifth Air Force provided close air support for the defending U.N. troops, while 74 B-29s bombed mining facilities, metal industries, and marshalling yards at Chinnampo in the largest strategic bombing mission of August. The targets included aluminum and magnesium plants.






  • 31 Aug 1956 - The Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker flew its maiden flight.


  • 31 Aug 1965 - First Minuteman II missile emplaced in a 447th Strategic Missile Squadron silo.

  • 31 Aug 1967 - The Air Force awarded McDonnell-Douglas a contract for eight C-9A medium-range jets to carry 30 litter patients, 40 ambulatory patients or a combination of both.

  • 31 Aug 1981 - A McDonnell Douglas DC-10 with winglets completed its first flight from the company's Long Beach factory to Edwards AFB, Calif. The winglets reduced drag and lowered fuel use by as much as 250,000 gallons an aircraft per year.

  • 31 Aug 1986 - From an operationally configured launch facility, Vandenberg AFB, Calif., launched the first operationally configured Peacekeeper missile.

  • 31 Aug 1987 - Eight C-130 Hercules aircraft and even more C-141s carried 2,511 tons of fire retardant and a contingent of firefighters to coastal area in Oregon and California to fight forest fires in 970 square miles of forest brush and scrub lands. The effort helped the firefighters to bring the fires under control.

  • 31 Aug 1992 - A C-141 flew 70 children suffering from cancer in the wake of the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident from Minsk, Byelarus, to Brussels, Belgium, for medical treatment.

  • 31 Aug 1994 - The Air Force's third operational B-2, the Spirit of Texas, joined the 509th Bomb Wing at Whiteman AFB, Mo.

  • 31 Aug 1994 - During Operation Safe Haven, U.S. Air Force and other military services moved Cuban and Haitian refugees from overcrowded camps at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, to Panama for shelter through Sept.10th.



PREVIOUS PAGE          HOME          NEXT PAGE