Chicagoland/O'Hare Chapter 142

                             Air Force Association

  • 25 Jun 1948 - Faced with land routes into Berlin being blocked by the Soviet Union, the United States, Great Britain, and France begin the resupply of Berlin by a massive airlift, which eventually lasts 18 months and delivers 2.3 million tons of cargo on over a quarter of a million flights to the beleaguered city.
  • 25 Jun 1950 - The North Koreans commence a surprise invasion into South Korea, signaling the start of Korean War.
  • 25 Jun 1952 - Korean War: US airplanes bomb energy centers at Yalu, Korea.








  • 25 Jun 1943 - Eighth Air Force sent B-17s to attack enemy convoys off Wangerooge and Juist Islands in the North Sea.

  • 25 Jun 1950 - A C-54 Sky Master, grounded for a damaged wing at Kimpo Airfield, South Korea, became the first aircraft lost in the Korean War.
  • 25 Jun 1950 - Korean War began, North Koreans moved their army along the 38th parallel, and at 4 a.m. launched a sudden and all-out attack against South Korea. The U.S. Air Force took its B-29s from "mothballs" and pressed them into service along with current combat-ready fighters, bombers and cargo aircraft.
  • 25 Jun 1951 - President Harry S. Truman dedicated the Arnold Engineering Development Center at Tullahoma, Tenn., for testing and evaluating aircraft and guided missiles.
  • 25 Jun 1961 - Four months after reaching combat readiness, the 702nd Strategic Missile Wing at Presque Isle AFB, Maine, inactivated as Strategic Air Command phased the obsolete Snark out of the Air Force inventory.
  • 25 Jun 1965 - Strategic Air Command inactivated the last Titan I units the 724th Strategic Missile Squadron and 725th Strategic Missile Wing and 451st Strategic Missile Wing at Lowry AFB, Colo., and the 569th Strategic Missile Squadron at Mountain Home AFB, Idaho.
  • 25 Jun 1968 - President Lyndon B. Johnson reappointed Gen. John P. McConnell as Chief of Staff for the Air Force for one year beginning Aug 1, 1968.
  • 25 Jun 1975 - The U.S. Air Force conducted the first of two jettison vehicle flight tests on Boeing's air launched cruise missile from a B-52 short range attack missile rotary launcher.
  • 25 Jun 1986 - Lt. Gen. James Abrahamson, Director of the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization, announced the selection of Falcon Station in Colorado as the site of the SDI National Test Facility.
  • 25 Jun 1991 - The 60th Military Airlift Wing delivered 80 tons of food to Nairobi, Kenya, to relieve a drought-inducted food shortage.
  • 25 Jun 1996 - Terrorists bomb the Khobar Towers near King Abdul-Aziz AB in Saudi Arabia, killing 19 Air Force people and injuring some 300 other Americans.

  • 26 Jun 1945 - B-29s started nighttime raids on Japanese oil refineries.
  • 26 Jun 1948 - The Berlin Airlift (Operation Vittles) begins as a response to a ground blockade imposed by the Soviet Union on Berlin.




  • 26 Jun 1948 - The 7th Bomb Group at Carswell AFB, Texas, received Strategic Air Command's first B-36A Peacemaker. With its 160-foot length and 230-foot wingspan, the six-engine Peacemaker was the world's largest warplane. The bomber had an intercontinental capability.






  • 26 Jun 1957 - Tactical Air Command's first WB-66 weather reconnaissance aircraft arrived for duty with the 9th Reconnaissance Squadron, 363rd Tactical Reconnaissance Wing at Shaw AFB, S.C.
  • 26 Jun 1963 - A Thor-Delta rocket launched NASA's SYNCOM II communications satellite into orbit from Cape Canaveral. Five hours later, an apogee kick motor fired to place the satellite into a synchronous orbit.
  • 26 Jun 1964 - C-130s delivered more than 950 tons of food to remote areas in Pakistan affected by flooding through July 24.
  • 26 Jun 1971 - The last F-100 unit in Southeast Asia, the 35th Tactical Fighter Wing at Phan Rang AB, South Vietnam, ceased operations.
  • 26 Jun 1972 - The Air Force unveiled the F-15 superiority fighter in ceremonies at the McDonnell Douglas facility in St. Louis.
  • 26 Jun 1983 - Three U.S. Air Force C-130s moved 170 tons of food, medicine, and other relief supplies to help victims of a flood in northwestern Peru.
  • 26 Jun 1994 - A C-5 from the 60th Airlift Wing, Travis AFB, Calif., flew a 34-ton Magnetic Resonance Imaging machine to Chernobyl, Ukraine. Medical specialists there used the machine to treat victims of the 1986 nuclear reactor meltdown.

  • 27 Jun 1950 - Korean War: North Korean troops reach Seoul. UN asks members to aid South Korea. Truman orders Air Force & Navy into Korean conflict.






  • 27 Jun 1944 - American bombers left Russian bases with an escort of P-51 Mustangs and attacked oil production plants in Poland before flying on to Italy.





  • 27 Jun 1950 - Far East Air Forces and the 374th Tactical Carrier Wing flew C-54, C-47, and C-46 aircraft to airlift 748 evacuees from Kimpo and Suwon airfields to Japan. Moreover, F-82s, F-80 jets, and B-26 light bombers provided air cover for the evacuation.
  • 27 Jun 1950 - Fifth Air Force accepted the mission to establish air superiority over South Korea to prevent North Korea air attacks on South Korea forces and to protect evacuation forces. When North Korean aircraft appeared over Kimpo and Suwon Airfields, U.S. Air Force aircraft engaged them in the first air battle. Maj. James W. Little, the 339th Fighter All-Weather Squadron commander, fired the first shot; however, Lt. William G. Hudson flying an F-82 Twin Mustang from the 68th FAWS scored the first aerial victory by shooting down an enemy Yak-11. In all, six pilots shot down seven North Korean propeller-driven fighters over Kimpo, the highest number of U.S. Air Force serial victories in one day for 1950.
  • 27 Jun 1950 - Fifth Air Force B-26s, flying from Ashiya AB, Japan, attacked enemy targets in South Korea in the evening, but bad weather made the raids ineffective.
  • 27 Jun 1952 - Glide test on the Bell X-2 rocket research airplane began at Edwards AFB, Calif.
  • 27 Jun 1957 - The SM-73 Goose was the first plastic airframe missile to fly, and the first decoy missile to complete countdown, launch, and flight on the first attempt.
  • 27 Jun 1958 - The first production model F-105B Thunderchief delivered to the U.S. Air Force.
  • 27 Jun 1958 - The 556th Strategic Missile Squadron from Patrick AFB, Fla., launched Strategic Air Command's first Snark missile from Cape Canaveral, Fla.
  • 27 Jun 1961 - At the Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., NASA fired the eight-engine Saturn SA-72 successfully in a 29.9 second static test.
  • 27 Jun 1963 - Maj. Robert A. Rushworth flew the X-15 No. 3 to 54.15 miles and became the second military pilot to receive astronaut's wings for space flight in a winged aircraft.
  • 27 Jun 1966 - The McDonnell Douglas F-4K Phantom II first flew.
  • 27 Jun 1970 - The Area Defense Command marked its 20th anniversary of continuous 24-hour alert.








  • 27 Jun 1972 - The U.S. Air Force C-123 Provider aircraft operations in Southeast Asia ended with the inactivation of the 310th Tactical Airlift Squadron and the transfer of its aircraft to the Vietnamese Air Force.
  • 27 Jun 1976 - Vandenberg AFB, Calif., launched the first Titan II with a Universal Space Guidance System.
  • 27 Jun 1990 - In the forest north of Santa Barbara, Calif., a fire erupted near the Painted Cave. Through July 2, Military Airlift Command C-130 aircrews delivered fire suppressant chemicals, firefighters, and firefighting equipment to the area. Aircraft also sprayed the fire from the air. The fire burned 4,900 acres and more than 450 homes, causing $250 million in damage.
  • 27 Jun 1994 - C-130 Hercules aircraft from the Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve units began flying missions to fight fires in the West. Eight aircraft continued this operation through September and dropped more the five million gallons of fire retardant. The fires burned more that two million acres in six western states.





  • 27 Jun 1995 - Lockheed Martin begins assembling the first production model of the F-22 - a stealthy, advanced tactical fighter that will eventually replace the F-15 Eagle.

  • 27 Jun 1996 - The remains of 19 Airmen killed in the June 25 terrorist attack on the Khobar Towers housing area in Saudi Arabia were flown to Dover AFB, Del.
  • 28 Jun 1946 - The first V-2 rocket, with instruments for upper air research, launched from White Sands Proving Ground, N.M., to an altitude of 67 miles.
  • 28 Jun 1950 - Far East Air Forces launched its first successful airstrike. Twenty B-26s from the 3rd Bomb Group bombed the Munsan, Korea, rail yards near the 38th parallel, and the rail and road traffic between Seoul and North Korean border. One B-26 heavily damaged by enemy anti-aircraft fire, crashed on its return to Ashiya, Japan, killing all abroad.
  • 28 Jun 1957 - Assigned to the 93rd Air Refueling Squadron, the first KC-135 Stratotanker arrives at Castle Air Force Base, Calif. The jet tanker can cruise at the same speed as jet bombers while refueling.
  • 28 Jun 1964 - The rebuilt X-15A-2 first flew.
  • 28 Jun 1965 - Telephone calls between President Lyndon B. Johnson and European leaders via the Early Bird I communications satellite began commercial satellite service between the U.S. and Europe.
  • 28 Jun 1976 - The U.S. Air Force Academy becomes the first of the big three service academies to admit women cadets when it admits Joan Olsen.
  • 28 Jun 1978 - A B-1 launched the first live short-range attack missile over the White Sands Missile Range, N.M.
  • 28 Jun 1994 - McDonnell Douglas delivered the final nine F-15s to the Air Force.

  • 29 Jun 1940 – A program to build more than 12,000 airplanes by April 1, 1942 was approved as the Army’s first aviation objective for training, organization, and procurement.
  • 29 Jun 1949 - The U.S. Air Force became the first service to announce an end to racial segregation in its ranks.
  • 29 Jun 1950 - President Harry S. Truman announces that he has ordered the U.S. Air Force to aid South Korea, which North Korean communist forces had invaded two days previously. President Truman authorized Army Gen. Douglas MacArthur to dispatch air forces against targets in North Korea. Later that day, the 3rd Bomb Group launched 18 B-26s to attack Heijo Airfield near Pyongyang, North Korea.
  • 29 Jun 1950 - Army General MacArthur directed Gen. George Stratemeyer to concentrate air attacks on the Han River bridges and North Korean troops massing north of the river. B-26s attacked the bridges and Fifth Air Force F-80s patrolled the Han River area. F-82s from the 86th Fighter All Weather Squadron, using jettisonable fuel tanks, attacked with napalm for the first time. The 35th FBS and 80th FBS shot down five North Korean airplanes that were attacking Suwon Airfield while eight 19th Bomb Group B-29s attacked enemy-held Kimpo Airfield and the Seoul railroad station, reported killing a large number of enemy troops. As the B-29s turned toward Kadena AB, enemy aircraft attacked the formation, enabling B-29 gunners to shoot down an enemy airplane for the first time.
  • 29 Jun 1950 - The 3rd Bomb Group B-26s strafed, bombed and rocketed enemy troops and traffic in the Seoul area. One flight hit a stalled enemy column. Fifteen B-29s attacked railroad bridges, tanks, trucks and troop concentrations on the north bank of the Han River near Seoul.





  • 29 Jun 1955 - The first Boeing B-52 Stratofortress to enter operational service is delivered to the 93d Bombardment Wing, Castle Air Force Base, Calif.

  • 29 Jun 1962 - The first Minuteman to be launched by a U.S. Air Force crew was fired from an underground silo at Cape Canaveral, Fla., to a target area 2,300 miles away.
  • 29 Jun 1962 - In an offensive operation against the Viet Cong about 20 miles northwest of Saigon, South Vietnam, 16 "Mule Train" C-123s and 10 Vietnamese AF C-47s dropped more than 1,000 Vietnamese paratroopers.
  • 29 Jun 1965 - Capt. Joseph Engle qualified as a military astronaut by flying the X-15 No. 3 to 280,600 feet at 3,432 mph. By exceeding 264,000 feet, Capt. Engle became the third and youngest Air Force astronaut.
  • 29 Jun 1966 - Vietnam: U.S. planes bomb Hanoi & Haiphong for 1st time.
  • 29 Jun 1972 - Capt. Steven L. Bennett, a forward air controller, and his observer found enemy troops attacking a friendly unit. He then strafed the enemy forces into retreating. After a surface-to-air missile hit and crippled his OV-10 Bronco and shredded his observer's parachute, Capt. Bennett ditched his OV-10 into the Gulf of Tonkin even though he knew the OV-10 was not likely to survive the ditching. He died, but his observer survived. For his heroic sacrifice, Capt. Bennett received the Medal of Honor posthumously.
  • 29 Jun 1984 - The HH-60D completed its first air refueling from an HC-130 tanker.
  • 29 Jun 1985 - The 60th Bombardment Squadron, 43rd Strategic Wing, at Andersen AFB, Guam, became the second B-52G Stratofortress unit to be equipped with the Harpoon airship missile. This event gave the weapon system full operating capability.
  • 29 Jun 1993 - Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio successfully tested the OC-135B Open Skies reconnaissance aircraft. The aircraft performed surveillance over signature nations to the Open Skies Treaty.





  • 30 Jun 1965 - The XB-70 flew at a speed of Mach 2.85 at an altitude of 68,000 feet. In a 104-minute flight, covering 2,035 miles, the aircraft flew for 50 minutes at twice the speed of sound.

  • 30 Jun 1966 - Continental Air Command announced the greatest record of productive airlift in the history of Air Force Reserve flying units. Reservists flew 14,234 missions in 83,097 flying hours to airlift 20,522 tons of cargo and 58,722 passengers in fiscal 1966.
  • 30 Jun 1967 - First production model of the F-4E Phantom (USAF version), featuring a multiple barrel 20mm cannon in addition to missile armament, made its initial flight at the McDonnell Douglas plant in St. Louis.
  • 30 Jun 1968 - The Lockheed C-5 Galaxy, the U.S. Air Force's newest and largest aircraft, makes its first flight.
  • 30 Jun 1970 - During fiscal 1970, the Air Force Reserve supported Military Airlift Command's airlift requirements in Southeast Asia by flying 419 missions to deliver 4,900 tons of cargo.
  • 30 Jun 1970 - After U.S. ground operations ceased in Cambodia, air strikes continued in interdiction efforts against North Vietnamese sanctuaries under Operation Freedom Deal.
  • 30 Jun 1971 - Strategic Air Command's 340th Bomb Group at Carswell AFB, Texas, received the last FB-111 fighter-bomber.
  • 30 Jun 1973 - Deputy Secretary of Defense William C. Clements Jr. canceled the Subsonic Cruise Armed Decoy program.
  • 30 Jun 1975 - The last Hound Dog missiles were removed from alert.
  • 30 Jun 1975 - The U.S. Air Force retired its last Douglas C-47A Skytrain to the Air Force Museum at Wright-Patterson AFB, Ohio. Douglas Aircraft delivered the first aircraft nicknamed the "Gooney Bird" in 1941.
  • 30 Jun 1977 - President James E. Carter terminated the B-1 bomber program to produce the air-launched cruise missile.
  • 30 Jun 1982 - Rockwell International rolled out the Space Shuttle Challenger.








  • 30 Jun 1983 - The 401st Tactical Fighter Wing flew the last F-4D Phantom training sortie in Europe.

  • 30 Jun 1985 - At Vandenberg AFB, Calif., Air Force Systems Command conducted the final Peacekeeper test launch from an above ground pad.
  • 30 Jun 1992 - Air Mobility Command withdrew the last nuclear artillery shells, Lance missile warheads, and naval depth bombs from overseas to support President George H. W. Bush's Nuclear Forces Initiative of Sept. 7, 1991.
  • 30 Jun 1993 - Wurtsmith AFB, Mich., closes after being an active military installation since 1924.
  • 30 Jun 1994 - U.S. Air Forces in Europe ends its presence in Berlin, 46 years after the beginning of the Berlin airlift, with the inactivation of Detachment 1, 435th Airlift Wing.
  • 30 Jun 1995 - During Operation Quick Lift, 27 C-5s and 53 C-141s airlifted 4,742 British and Dutch military personnel and 1,504 tons of cargo to Croatia to support this U.N action through Aug. 10.
  • 30 Jun 1996 - Four KC-135R tankers from the 905th Air Refueling Squadron at Grand Forks AFB, N.D., flew to a forward location to join an Air Expeditionary Force of 34 aircraft (four tankers and 30 fighters). The AEF provided land-based air forces to augment U.S. forces already supporting Operation Southern Watch. The deployment also gave the U.S. Air Force an opportunity to work and train with coalition partners in the Persian Gulf region.

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